Standard Practice for
Description of Frozen Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 4083; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of the last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.
1.1 This practice presents a procedure for the description of
frozen soils based on visual examination and simple manual
1.2 It is intended to be used in conjunction with Test Method
D 2487 and Practice D 2488, which describe and classify soils,
but do not cover their frozen state.
1.3 This procedure is based on the “Guide to Field Description
of Permafrost for Engineering Purposes,” National Research
Council of Canada, 1963, and MIL-STD-619.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing
one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace
education or experience and should be used in conjunction
with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may
be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not
intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which
the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged,
nor should this document be applied without consideration of
a project’s many unique aspects. The word “Standard” in the
title of this document means only that the document has been
approved through the ASTM consensus process.
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
D 420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering, Design, and Construction2
D 653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained
D 1452 Practice for Soil Investigation and Sampling by
D 2487 Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes.
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