Astm D 4140 – 82 (Reapproved 2002) pdf free download

Standard Guide for Determining
Volatile and Nonvolatile Content of Driers, Drying Oils,
Naval Stores, and Solvents1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 4140; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of the last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Scope

1.1 This guide is intended to aid in the selection of the
proper ASTM test method for determining the volatile and
nonvolatile content of driers, drying oils, naval stores, and
NOTE 1—Test methods for determining the composition of the volatile
fraction are not covered by this guide.

1.2 The test methods included are as follows:
Standard Section ASTM Designation
Driers 5.1 D 1644
Drying oils 5.2 D 555
D 1960
Naval stores 5.3 D 233
D 889
D 1131
Solvents 5.4 D 1353

2. Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards:
D 16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials,
and Applications2
D 233 Test Methods of Sampling and Testing Turpentine3
D 555 Guide for Testing Drying Oils3
D 804 Terminology Relating to Naval Stores, Including Tall
Oil and Related Products3
D 889 Test Method for Volatile Oil in Rosin3
D 1131 Test Methods of Testing Rosin Oils3
D 1353 Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile
Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related
D 1644 Test Methods for Nonvolatile Content of Varnishes2
D 1960 Test Method for Loss on Heating of Drying Oils3

3. Terminology

3.1 Definitions:

3.1.1 drier—a composition that accelerates the drying of
oil, paint, printing ink, or varnish. Driers are usually metallic.

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