Astm D 4860 – 91 (Reapproved 2000)e1 pdf free download

Standard Test Method for
Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Mid-Distillate
Fuels (Clear and Bright Numerical Rating)1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 4860; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of the last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Scope

1.1 This test method provides a rapid, portable means for
field and laboratory use to inspect visually for particulate
matter and numerically rate free water in aviation turbines and
distillate fuels.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the
standard. The values given in parentheses are for information

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard
statements, see and Annex A1.

2. Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards:
D 1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)2
D 1744 Test Method for Water in Liquid Petroleum Products by Karl Fischer Reagent2
D 2276 Test Method for Particulate Contaminant in Aviation Fuel by Line Sampling2
D 2709 Test Method for Water and Sediment in Middle
Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge2
D 4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and
Petroleum Products3
D 4176 Test Method for Free Water and Particulate Contamination in Distillate Fuels (Visual Inspection Procedures)3

3. Terminology

3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:

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