Standard Practice for
Depth Measurement of Surface Water1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 5073; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of the last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of the last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
1.1 This practice guides the user in the selection of procedures
commonly used to measure depth in water bodies that are as
Procedure A—Manual Measurement 6 through 11
Procedure B—Electronic Sonic-Echo Sounding 12 through 13
Procedure C—Electronic Nonacoustic Measurement 14 through 15
The text specifies depth measuring terminology, describes
measurement of depth by manual and electronic equipment,
outlines specific uses of electronic sounders, and describes an
electronic procedure for depth measurement other than using
1.2 The references cited and listed at the end of this practice
contain information that may help in the design of a high
quality measurement program.
1.3 The information provided on depth measurement is
descriptive in nature and not intended to endorse any particular
item of manufactured equipment or procedure.
1.4 This practice pertains to depth measurement in quiescent or low-velocity flow. For depth measurement related to
stream gaging see Test Method D 3858. For depth measurements related to reservoir surveys see Guide D 4581.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
D 1129 Terminology Relating to Water 2
D 3858 Test Method for Open-Channel Flow Measurement
of Water by Velocity-Area Method 2
D 4410 Terminology for Fluvial Sediment 2
D 4581 Guide for Measurement of Morphologic Character
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