Standard Terminology Relating to
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Packaging Materials1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 5077; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of the last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of the last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
1.1 The terms and definitions in this standard are related to
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Packaging Materials and ESD
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards: 2
D 996 Terminology Relating to Packaging and Distribution
2.2 EIA Standard:
EIA-541 Packaging Material Standards for ESD, Sensitive
antistatic agent—a chemical compound which, when impregnated or formulated into or topically applied to a primary
material or substrate gives the primary material antistatic
properties. See antistatic property.
antistatic property—the prevention of triboelectric charge
generation by effectively minimizing the production of a
static charge when materials are separated from another
DISCUSSION—The forward of EIA-541 states, “8Antistatic’ no longer
refers to a resistivity range … 8Antistatic’ refers to a material’s ability
to resist triboelectric charge generation. A material’s antistatic propensity depends upon the nature of the material itself and the material with
which it is in contact along with the means of surface separation. The
antistatic property is not a dependent function of material resistivity.
Material resistivity is an intrinsic property used to define the degree of
conductivity without regard to other materials.”
conductor—a substance or body that allows a flow of electric
current to pass continuously along it or through it when a
sufficient voltage is applied across any two points.
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